Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Estimated peak discharge of GLOF and the distance to downstream sites where the GLOF events caused damages

From: Lemthang Tsho glacial Lake outburst flood (GLOF) in Bhutan: cause and impact

Name of Lake Country Date of outburst Lake volume (million m3) Peak discharge (m3/s) Velocity (m/s) Downstream impact (km) Sources
Qubixiama-Cho China 10 June 1940   3690 7.7   LIGG, 1988
Sangwang-Cho China 16 July 1954 300 10,000   200 Xin et al., 2013
Damenhai-Cho China 26 September 1964   2000 10   Wu et al., 2005; Ding and Liu, 1992
Longdaco China August 1964   1000    Chen et al., 2013
Gelhaipuco China September 1964   4500    Chen et al., 2013
Zhangzangbo China 11 July 1981 19 15,920 7–17.9 60 Xu, D, 1988
Ganxico (Mitui-Cho) China 14 July 1988   1270    Liu et al., 2014
Nare Nepal 3 September 1977 4.9 830–1100   90 Buchroter et al., 1982
Dig Tsho Nepal 4 August 1985 6–10 (8) 1600–2000   90 Viuchard and Zimmerman, 1987
Tam Pokhari Nepal 3 September 1988   10,000 5–10 66 OSTI AND Egashira, 2009; Dwivedi et al., 2000
Luggye Tsho Bhutan 7 October 1994 48 > 2500   200 Richardson and Reynolds, 2000