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Table 4 Key challenges constraining smallholders from taking up adaptation measures against climate variability in Trans-Mara East (N = 100)

From: Climate change adaptive capacity and smallholder farming in Trans-Mara East sub-County, Kenya

Constrain High Moderate Low Non-issue PCI Rank
High cost of farm inputs 75 21 4 0 2.71 1
Limited credit facilities 66 31 2 1 2.62 2
Market uncertainties 69 24 6 1 2.61 2
Poor road networks 74 13 10 3 2.58 3
Limited livelihood streams 56 42 2 0 2.54 5
DWISa 71 16 7 6 2.52 6
Inadequate adaptation extension services 67 13 14 6 2.41 7
Limiting farm size 61 12 10 17 2.17 8
Land tenure issues 55 11 19 15 2.06 9
Inter-ethnic conflicts 43 21 25 11 1.96 10
  1. High = 3; Moderate = 2; Low = 1; Non-issue = 0. DWISa = Disjointed Weather Information Streams
  2. (Source: Field Data, 2017)