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Table 4 Landslide causes and consequences in Cameroon to the best of recording

From: Adapting sudden landslide identification product (SLIP) and detecting real-time increased precipitation (DRIP) algorithms to map rainfall-triggered landslides in Western Cameroon highlands (Central-Africa)

Month/Year Location Causes Main casualties and losses
September 1954 Nchingang, Lebialem Slopes’ agriculture, woodcutting and huge rainfall Bridges destroyed followed by flooding
September 1956 Beine, Lebialem Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 3 deaths; houses and bridges destroyed followed by flooding; farms flooded and destroyed
September 1957 Fomenji, Lebialem Huge rainfall 12 deaths, bridges and farms destroyed
August 1973 Fonengé, Lebialem Huge rainfall 1 death; dozens of houses destroyed; 300 homeless
August 1978 Fossong-Wetcheng (Dshang) Huge rainfall 6 deaths; farms destroyed
June 1988 Bamboko, Melong mt Manengouba Huge rainfall 8 deaths; bridges and houses destroyed
June 1991 Pinyin Thundershowers Plantations destroyed
July 1991 Limbe, Mt Cameroun Public works on slopes; Huge rainfall 1 death; 1 house destroyed
September 1991 Pinyin, Santa, Bamenda Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 12 deaths; 2 houses destroyed
12 September 1992 Santa, Bamenda Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 12 deaths; 5 houses destroyed
September 1992 Fomenji, Abi, Fonengé Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 12 deaths; houses, bridges and farms destroyed
September 1993 Bafaka Huge rainfall Farms and houses destroyed
September 1994 Fomenji, fotang, Fonengé Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 6 bridges and 10 houses destroyed
September 1995 Bafaka, Ndian, Mt Rumpi Earthquakes (intensity VII on Richter scale) and rainfall 3 deaths; 1 house, farms and forests destroyed.
September 1997 Sho, Belo Huge rainfall; perched water source; slopes’ agriculture; woodcutting 2 deaths; 1 house, 1 road destroyed followed by several weeks of traffic interruption; farms destroyed.
September 1997 Gouata, Dschang (Mt Bamboutos) Huge rainfall 1 death and farms destroyed
September 1997 Batié Sand digging and huge rainfall Farms destroyed
July 1998 Bingo, Belo Huge rainfall 5 deaths and 3 houses destroyed
August 1998 Bamumba, wabane Lebialem Slight earth shaking and rainfall 5 injured; 11 houses destroyed; bridges and farms destroyed.
August 1998 Abi, Ako, Atsuela, Babong Rainfall 1 injured; houses and farms destroyed
September 1998 Anjin, Belo Slopes’ agriculture, woodcutting and huge rainfall 2 deaths; 1 house and farms destroyed;
September 2000 Rom Nwah Earthquakes (intensity IV on Richter scale) and rainfall 6 deaths; 17 injured; 7 houses destroyed;
June 2001 Limbé Earthquakes (intensity IV on Richter scale) and rainfall 24 deaths, 2800 homeless, 120 houses destroyed
10 September 2002 Bana-Bafang Slopes’ agriculture and huge rainfall 10 deaths; houses destroyed
20 July2003 Magha’a and Atsuela Slopes’ agriculture, breeding, woodcutting and huge rainfall 22 deaths; 50 deaths cattle; houses; roads and farms destroyed.
August 2003 Bafou Rainfall 2 deaths; 1 house destroyed
August 2003 Wabane Huge rainfall and flooding 1 death
27 September 2007 Abuh Rainfall Plantations destroyed
September 2008 Fondonera Huge rainfall Farms destroyed
October 2008 Moumé-Bafang Huge rainfall 1 death; 103 homeless; 12 houses and 1 road destroyed;
October 2009 Bamenda-Akum Huge rainfall causing collapse and blocks subsidence Main road destroyed with several days of traffic interruption
October 2010 Bamenda Huge rainfall causing collapse and blocks subsidence 7 deaths; 7 houses destroyed; 50 homeless;
23 October 2011 Koutaba Bare slopes and huge rainfall 2 deaths;
August, September and October of every year including 2012 to 2017 Mbo and Ndop plains Huge rainfall, slopes’ agriculture and breeding Farms and roads destructions
4 & 5 September 2018 Foumban Huge rainfall causing collapse and blocks subsidence Houses and roads destroyed
28 & 29 October 2019 Bafoussam Slopes’ agriculture, breeding, woodcutting and huge rainfall 45 deaths; 300 homeless; dozens of houses destroyed
  1. (Sources – Ayonghe et al., 2002; Tchindjang, 2013; IGMR-Penaye et al., 2018; IGMR-Kankeu & Ntchantcho, 2019)